Cotton is a highly important agricultural product. It is a basic commodity that is heavily needed in textiles, clothing and apparel, and in the manufacturing industry. Without cotton, there will not be any fashion and clothing industry, and people would probably be wearing clothing that is highly uncomfortable and totally unfashionable. Without cotton and its by-products, the world would simply be a very different place to live in.
India ranks second in the world in terms of cotton production, trailing behind China. Needless to say, cotton production remains to be a very important agricultural industry in India.
In this list, you will find out the 10 largest cotton producers in India.
10.Tamil Nadu – 5,000 kilograms
Around 6% of the total cotton produced in India are is in the state of Tamil Nadu. More than 70,000 hectares of land are attributed solely for cotton production in the state and each hectare actually produces a very high yield – easily surpassing 120 kilograms per hectare. Coimbatore, Vallalur, Madurai, Ramnathapuram, Salem, and Tiruchirapalli are just some of the major cotton-producing districts in Tamil Nadu.
9.Punjab – 14,000 kilograms
Punjab remains to be one of the largest cotton-producing states in India. The epicenters of cotton production in this state are in the districts of Bhatinda, Sangrur, Moga, Ludhiana, Faridkot, and Mansa. Punjab’s cotton industry is vital because the state of Punjab also has an established clothing and textile industry – with cotton as primary material.
8.Rajasthan – 17,000 kilograms
More than 4,000 hectares of land are devoted to cotton production in the state of Rajasthan, contributing to close to 5% of the total cotton output in the country. The major cotton-producing districts include the districts of Ganganagar, Bhilwara, Hanumangarh, Ajmer, and Jhalawar. Rajasthan’s cotton industry is a vital component of the state’s local economy.
7.Madhya Pradesh – 18,000 kilograms
More than 5,000 hectares of agricultural land grow cotton in this state. With a buoyant clothing and textile industry, the state of Madhya Pradesh cannot do without cotton as primary commodity. The districts leading the fray in the production of cotton are Nimar, Ratlam, Shajapur, Bhopal, and Dewas. Madhya Pradesh also exports its cotton to other Indian states.
6.Haryana – 25,000 kilograms
The state of Haryana accounts for more than 6% of the total cotton production in India. Each hectare of land devoted to cotton yields an average of 665 kilograms per hectare. Haryana’s cotton plantations are also some of the most organized and most efficient anywhere in India. It is not impossibility for Haryana to climb up the ranks in terms of cotton production in the coming years.
5.Andhra Pradesh – 27,000 kilograms
Andhra Pradesh used to rank higher in cotton production in India. But due to the local government’s refocus on other agricultural commodities, the state has partially gone down the ranks and had been overtaken by other Indian states. Nevertheless, the state remains to be a vital cotton producer. The districts of Guntur, Kurnool, Anantpur, and Prakasam being showcase districts in cotton production.
4.Karnataka – 28,000 kilograms
The cotton industry in Karnataka is mainly situated in the state’s northern plateau as the soil and climate conditions favor cotton production. The state produces close to 10% of the entire country’s annual cotton yield as 750,000 hectares of land are planted with cotton. The districts of Gulbarga, Dharwad, Belgaum, and Bellary lead the pack in cotton production.
3.Telangana – 50,000 kilograms
Telangana, a new state in India, was born only in 2014. This newborn state was created solely for agriculture. Cotton occupies some 16,000 hectares of agricultural land. This early, Telangana already clinched the third highest annual cotton yield in India. What a feat!
2.Maharashtra – 85,000 kilograms
The state has the largest land area devoted for the growing of cotton. With more than 40,000 hectares devoted to cotton production, the state is known to grow only the finest quality of cotton – most of which are for export to other countries.
1.Gujarat – 125,000 kilograms
Gujarat is the undisputed center of cotton production in the whole of India. Owing largely to a fertile soil and plenty of rainfall, Gujarat’s cotton industry also made it possible for the state to have renowned clothing and textile manufacturing units.